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Quality Of Life abstracts and tables:

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1.  Assessing Health-Related Quality Of Life In Chronic Care Populations
2.  Use Of Health-Related Quality Of Life Measures In Older and Ethnically  Diverse  U.S. Populations

Journal of Mental Health and Aging, Vol. 3, No. 1, 1997

Assessing Health-Related Quality Of Life In Chronic Care Populations

Steven M. Albert, PhD, MS

Abstract:  

This review assesses the content of generic, health-related QOL (HRQL) instruments according to their coverage of four intermediate domains of QOL: physical and occupational function, psychological function, social interaction, and somatic symptoms. Assessment instruments were included in the review if they a) minimally included measures of both physical function and mental health, or b) were explicity developed as generic QOL indicators (as opposed to more general health assessment tools), or c) have come to be used as generic HRQL measures despite other origins. Features of chronic care populations, e.g., the institutional setting of care and high prevalence of cognitive impairment, constrain HRQL assessment. Assessment of HRQL in the case of demented patients poses special problems. This area of assessment has only recently received attention, and at this point it is still unclear when in the course of dementing disease a patient loses the capacity to report on his or her quality of life. A combination of observed and reported behaviors will be required for adequate QOL assessment of demented elders. Good measures for assessing QOL in elderly chronic care populations are not lacking. Better QOL instruments will emerge as we pay closer attention to the texture of daily life in such populations and better understand the ways elders adapt to states of health limitation.

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Journal of Mental Health and Aging, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2001

Use Of Health-Related Quality Of Life Measures In Older and Ethnically  Diverse  U.S. Populations

Anna M. Napoles-Springer, PhD

Anita L. Stewart, PhD

Abstract:  

Applications of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measures have increased significantly in the past twenty years. There has also been substantial growth in the segments of the U.S. Population that are ethnically diverse and older in age, groups for whom limited evidence exists of the adequacy of such measures. This article reviews published data on the adequacy and equivalence of HRQOL Measures when used in older and ethnically diverse samples. The article also describes the need for more measurement studies to facilitate large-scale studies in ethnically diverse and older populations.

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