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Cohen, C., Teresi, J., Holmes, D. (1985) Social Networks, stress, adaptation, and health. Research on Aging, Vol. 7, No. 3, 409-431.
In this study, utilizing 19 social network
variables and 3 outcome measures (need fulfillment, psychological
symptoms, and physical symptoms), we follow elderly residents of
mid-Manhattan hotels for one year. The findings indicate that social networks
exert a direct effect on reducing subsequent symptoms and enhancing
ability to meet needs. Moreover, social networks trigger a buffering
response to stressors in that their ability to reduce symptoms and to
promote need fulfillment was greatest among high-stress individuals.
Cohen, C., Teresi, J., Holmes, D. (1985) Social Networks, Stress, and Physical Health: A Longitudinal Study of an Inner-City Elderly Population. Journal of Gerontology, Vol. 40, No. 4, pp. 478-486.
C., Teresi, J., Holmes, D. (1985) Social Networks and adaptation. The
Gerontological Society of
examining the relationship between social networks and adaptation has
been limited by rudimentary measures of social interaction and a lack of
longitudinal data. Utilizing 19 network variables, the authors followed
133 elderly residents of mid-Manhattan hotels for one year. The findings
confirmed the direct and buffering effects of social networks.
Of clinical relevance was the non-linearity of the network
effect- depending on a person's stress level, different network
dimensions must be emphasized and strengthened .
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